AANA Journal Course, Part 4 Update for nurse anesthetists -- Functional residual capacity: The human windbag
In this Journal course, the authors review the basic anatomy and physiology of functional residual capacity (FRC) during the perioperative period. The course include determinants of FRC structure and function of surface forces, role of pulmonary surfactant, structure and function of chest wall components, and anesthesia and the FRC.
Keywords: Alveolar architecture, anesthesia, atelectasis, functional residual capacity.
(Editor's Note: Figure 3 was published in Foundations of Anesthesia: Basic and Clinical Sciences, Papadakos P, Chapter 49, Artificial ventilation, pp. 507-514, Hemmings HC and Hopkins PM, eds, 2000, by permission of the publisher Mosby. Copyright Elsevier, 2002. Reprinted with permission.)