AANA Journal Issue Details

On The Cover

Anne Sage, CRNA, MSN, is shown when she was a student performing a preoperative assessment on a professional patient actor while a faculty member evaluates her performance from a concealed location. The Standard Patient Assessment laboratory, along with a fresh cadaver lab, mock operating room, simulation lab, virtual hospital, and numerous other learning labs comprise the 25,000 square-foot Center for Applied Learning at Wake Forest Baptist Health (WFBH), Winston-Salem, North Carolina. (Photo taken by Michael Rieker, CRNA, DNP, director of the Nurse Anesthesia Program at WFBH.)


  • Role of Splenic Artery Partial Embolization in a Patient With Portal Hypertension and Pancytopenia Undergoing Hysterectomy Under Anesthesia Management of a patient with portal hypertension and hypersplenism scheduled for elective surgery is a challenge for anesthesia providers. Splenectomy has been the most frequently used procedure for hypersplenism, but it is associated with a 30-day mortality rate of 20%. In patients with idiopathic portal hypertension, partial splenic embolization can be effective in preventing variceal bleeding, reducing splenic volume, and substantially increasing the platelet count. The authors report such a case that was scheduled for elective surgery in which preoperative splenic artery embolization improved the hematologic parameters and, thus, helped provide an uneventful perioperative period.
    Keywords: Elective surgery, pancytopenia, portal hypertension, splenic artery partial embolization.
    Version: 2012;80(2):96-98. Authors: Ravindra Pandey, MD, Rakesh Garg, MD, DNB, MNAMS, Vanlal Darlong, MD, Jyotsna Punj, MD, Anil Kumar, MD
  • Effects of Topical Lidocaine on Successful Extubation Time Among Patients Undergoing Elective Carotid Endarterectomies Little research has been done on the effects that topical intratracheal anesthesia has on the length of time required to successfully extubate patients after surgical interventions. The results of this research suggest important implications in anesthesia practice. The use of lidocaine laryngotracheal anesthesia with induction of general anesthesia for patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy leads to an increase in mean extubation time of nearly 2 minutes. The anesthetist benefits from knowing that the use of this common anesthetic technique has the potential to lengthen patient recovery times.
    Keywords: Anesthesia, emergence phenomenon, extubation, lidocaine, topical anesthesia.
    Version: 2012;80(2):99-104. Authors: Jeremy Watkins, CRNA, DMPNA, Doohee Lee, PhD, MPH, William A. White Jr, CRNA, DMP, Susan Mundy, CRNA, MS
  • Total Artificial Heart Freedom Driver in a Patient With End-Stage Biventricular Heart Failure The authors of this case report describe a 61-year-old man admitted with acute decompensated heart failure, which progressively worsened, eventually requiring implantation of a temporary total artificial heart (TAH-t, SynCardia Systems Inc, Tucson, Arizona). Following stabilization, the patient was switched to the Freedom driver (SynCardia). Higher rates of survival to transplant have already been proved with the TAH-t. Potential benefits for the portable Freedom driver include increased mobility, decreased cost, and improved quality of life.
    Keywords: Cardiomyopathy, Freedom driver, heart failure, total artificial heart.
    Version: 2012;80(2):105-112. Authors: Kristin Friedline, CRNA, MSNA, Pamela Hassinger, CRNA, MSNA
  • Rapunzel Syndrome in a Pediatric Patient: A Case Report In this case report, the authors describe the youngest reported case of intussusception and Rapunzel syndrome due to trichobezoars. A 2.5-year-old girl was hospitalized with complaints of abdominal pain and vomiting for 2 days. Diagnostic laparoscopic-assisted exploration of the abdomen revealed 4 separate intestinal intussusceptions along with multiple dark intraluminal masses within the small intestine. Laparotomy allowed palpation of the entire small intestine with extraction of the masses, which were found to be human hair (trichobezoars). The intussusceptions were reduced, and the multiple masses were removed through a single enterotomy.
    Keywords: Bezoar, pediatric, Rapunzel syndrome, trichobezoar.
    Version: 2012;80(2):115-119. Authors: Elizabeth Middleton, CRNA, MSN Lynn Fitzgerald Macksey, CRNA, MSN J. Duncan Phillips, MD
  • Opioid Abuse Among Nurse Anesthetists and Anesthesiologists This article reviews the literature regarding opioid abuse and dependency among nurse anesthetists and anesthesiologists and offers implications for future research. Abuse and dependency on potent opioids have long been recognized as problems among nurse anesthetists and anesthesiologists. The authors conclude that the medical, nursing, and nurse anesthesia communities recognize this risk and have taken steps to improve prevention, early identification, and treatment of the problem. To accomplish these goals, continued dedication from these professions is crucial.
    Keywords: Addiction, anesthesiologist, nurse anesthetist, opioid dependency, substance abuse.
    Version: 2012;80(2):120-128. Authors: E. Laura Wright, CRNA, PhD Teena McGuiness, RN, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, Linda D. Moneyham, RN, PhD, FAAN, Joseph E. Schumacher, PhD, Art Zwerling, CRNA, DNP, DAAPM, Elizabeth Stullenbarger, RN, DSN
  • AANA Journal Course: Update for Nurse Anesthetists – Part 1 – Anesthetic-Induced Anaphylaxis Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that can be life threatening with rapid onset and can occur with or without exposure to a known allergen. The purpose of this course is to update nurse anesthetists about anesthetic-induced anaphylaxis. The pathophysiologic process of anaphylaxis is discussed, along with descriptions of the allergic immune response and the mediators and mechanisms of mast cell activation. Also discussed are inflammatory mediators, clinical presentation, anaphylaxis severity scale, risk factors for anaphylaxis, impediments to the recognition of anaphylaxis, intraoperative management, treatment, and laboratory testing for anaphylaxis.
    Keywords: Anaphylaxis, anesthesia, hypersensitivity reaction, IgE.
    Version: 2012;80(2):129-140. Authors: Carol L. Norred, CRNA, PhD