In this photograph (circa 1950s), a nurse anesthetist administers anesthesia to a patient. The royal blue, silver and white diamond-shaped emblem on her sleeve was first made available for members to wear on their uniforms in 1945. In 1952, it was offered as a car emblem; later in 1959 the same design was made available on gummed "stamps" for state associations to use on bulletins, programs, menus, or place cards.
The AANA Foundation Closed Malpractice Claims Study: Obstetric anesthesiaThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the anesthesia care provided during obstetric adverse events, which occurred from 1990 to1996. In these events, anesthetics were provided by anesthetists and anesthesiologists. Risk factors for adverse outcomes identified in the study, included advanced maternal age, ethnicity, and obesity.