Obstructive Sleep Apnea Resources
According to the Official STOPBang Questionnaire Website, moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea is prevalent in 10 to 20% of the general population. Over 80% of patients with moderate to severe sleep apnea remained undiagnosed in the general population, and this also applies to those who are coming for surgery.
Source: Stop Bang.ca
Types of Sleep Apnea
- Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of sleep apnea. It occurs when the soft tissue in the back of your throat relaxes during sleep and blocks the airway, often causing you to snore loudly.
- Central sleep apnea is a much less common type of sleep apnea that involves the central nervous system, occurring when the brain fails to signal the muscles that control breathing. People with central sleep apnea seldom snore.
- Complex sleep apnea is a combination of obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.
- Insomnias - Insomnia, Short Sleeper, Child Insomnia
- Hypersomnias - Narcolepsy, Idiopathic Hypersomnia, Kleine-Levin Syndrome, Insufficient Sleep Syndrome, Long Sleeper
- Sleep Breathing Disorders - Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Snoring, Central Sleep Apnea, Child Sleep Apnea, Infant Sleep Apnea, Sleep Related Groaning
- Circadian Rhythm Disorder - Delayed Sleep-Wake Phase, Advanced Sleep-Wake Phase, Irregular Sleep-Wake Rhythm, Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Rhythm, Shift Work, Jet Lag
- Parasomnias - Confusional Arousals, Sleepwalking, Sleep Terrors, Sleep Eating Disorder, REM Sleep Behavior Disorder, Sleep Paralysis, Nightmares, Bedwetting, Sleep Hallucinations, Exploding Head Syndrome, Sleep Talking
- Sleep Movement Disorders - Restless Legs, Syndrome, Periodic Limb Movements, Sleep Leg Cramps, Sleep Rhythmic Movement
- American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine: Dentists Treat Sleep Apnea, Too
- American Heart Association: Sleep Apnea and Heart Disease, Stroke
- American Sleep Apnea Association: Children's Sleep Apnea
- American Thoracic Society Patient Information Series: Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Fact sheets on insufficient sleep for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and three U.S. territories (Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands).
- Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration: Driving When You Have Sleep Apnea
- Mayo Clinic: Sleep Apnea Complications
- National Heart, Lung & Blood Institute: What is Sleep Apnea?
- National Sleep Foundation: Sleep Apnea
- Podcasts at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Don't Sleep while Driving
- Podcasts at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Don't be a Night Owl
- Podcasts at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Sleep on it
- Podcasts at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: No Rest for the Weary
- Podcasts at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Rest Easy
- Podcasts at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Stay Awake Behind the Wheel
- Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine: OSA Anesthesia and Surgery Patient Education Brochure
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration: Always Tired? You May Have Sleep Apnea
- Anesthesia & Analgesia: Poor Sleep, Worse Outcomes: Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Perioperative Care October 2018
- Anesthesia & Analgesia: Opioids for Acute Pain Management in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review October 2018
- Anesthesia & Analgesia: Society Guidelines Infographic: SASM Guideline on Intraoperative Management of OSA October 2018
- Anesthesia & Analgesia: Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine Guideline on Intraoperative Management of Adult Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea October 2018
- American Academy of Sleep Medicine: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Snoring with Oral Appliance Therapy: An Update for 2015
- Anesthesiology News: Study Finds Positive Correlation Between Upper Airway Length and Obstructive Sleep Apnea February 2016
- Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine: Guidelines on Preoperative Screening and Assessment of Adult Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea
OSA Risk Questionnaires
Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
- Anesthesiology News: Residual Rocuronium Block Attenuates Hypoxic Ventilatory Response in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients, August 2015
Ambulatory Surgical Centers
- AANA Journal: Are Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Appropriate Candidates for the Ambulatory Surgical Center, June 2005
- American Sleep Apnea Association: Sleep Apnea and Same-day Surgery
- Anesthesiology News: Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Anesthesia, and Ambulatory Surgery
- Institute for Quality Improvement: Patient Safety Toolkit: Ambulatory Surgery and OSA
Healthcare Provider and Facility Resources
- American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine: New Guideline Recommends Weight Loss Strategies for Sleep Apnea Patients
- Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine: Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An Overview
- The Joint Commission: At Risk: Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients
- American Board of Family Medicine: Sleep-Disordered Breathing During Pregnancy, March-April, 2009
- American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology: Obstructive sleep apnea and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, February 2012
- American Academy of Sleep Medicine: Screening of Obstructive Sleep Apnea during Pregnancy: Differences in Predictive Values of Questionnaires across Trimesters, 2015
Online Support Groups
- AANA Journal: Snoring, Trouble Breathing, Un-Refreshed Screening Questionnaire to Reduce Perioperative Respiratory Adverse Events in Pediatric Surgical Patients, August 2015
- American Academy of Pediatrics: Clinical Practice Guideline: Diagnosis and Management of Childhood Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Effects
The resources on this page may incorporate or summarize views, guidelines, or recommendations of third parties. Such material is assembled and presented in good faith, but does not necessarily reflect the views of the AANA. Links to third-party websites are inserted for informational purposes and do not constitute endorsement of the material on those sites, or of any associated organization.