Opioid Crisis News

The opioid abuse epidemic continues to rage across the United States. Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists provide holistic non-opioid anesthesia and pain management options, helping their patients to prepare for surgery, get through surgery and manage their pain upon the return home.

Disclaimer: Opioid Crisis News is for informational purposes, and its content should not be interpreted as endorsements, standards of care, or position statements of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. All links are accurate upon posting, but may become obsolete due to publishers moving content or expiring older content.

See also Opioid Crisis Resources.

Patients Receive More Opioids than Necessary After Surgery, Study Shows
Everyday Health, November 12, 2018

Quantity of Opioids Prescribed Postop Linked to Consumption
Monthly Prescribing Reference, November 8, 2018

Surgical Patients Receive Four Times the Opioids They Use, Study Shows
Modern Healthcare, November 8, 2018

Opioids Not Always Best Choice for Chronic Pain
KOMO News (Seattle, Wash.), November 7, 2018

HHS to Expand Buprenorphine Prescribing
Open Minds (Gettysburg, Pa.), November 4, 2018

FDA Approves Powerful New Opioid in Controversial Move
The Hill, November 2, 2018

MetroHealth Takes Multifaceted Stance in Opioid Battle
Modern Health, October 29, 2018

The SUPPORT Act and Healthcare Providers—A First Look
JDSupra, October 25, 2018

New Opioid 500 Times Stronger Than Morphine Nears FDA Approval
The Fix, October 25, 2018

FDA Committee Votes to Approve Opioid Tablet 1,000 Times Stronger Than Morphine, But Even the Group's Own Chair Warns 'It Will Cause Death'
Daily Mail, October 22, 2018

FDA Panel Chair Warns of 'Abuse, Death' if Opioid is Approved
MedPage Today, October 19, 2018

White House to Celebrate Its Opioid Work Next Week
Politico, October 18, 2018

Preoperative and Postoperative Opioid Use Linked to Adverse Spinal Fusion Outcomes—5 Study Findings
Becker's Spine Review, October 16, 2018

Push-Button Pain Meds Curb Need for Opioids After C-Section: Study
HealthDay, October 15, 2018

Med Minute: Opioids Prescribed After Major Surgeries
KAMC News (Lubbock, Texas), October 15, 2018

Opioid Legislation: Expanding the Sunshine Act
C&M Health Law, October 15, 2018

Harsh Realities of Opioid Addiction
The Courier-Tribune (Asheboro, N.C.), October 15, 2018

Kentucky Initiative Looks to Curb Rise of Babies in Opioid Withdrawal
Modern Healthcare, October 15, 2018

VA to Add Naloxone to AED Cabinets
Occupational Health & Safety, October 12, 2018

In Opioid Policy, One Size Does Not Fit All
The Hill, October 11, 2018

Pennsylvania Health Insurers to End MAT Prior Authorizations
Modern Healthcare, October 12, 2018

Congress Sends Bipartisan, Bicameral Opioid Response Bill to President
JD Supra, October 11, 2018

Three Ways the Dayton VA is Fighting the Opioid Crisis
Dayton Daily News, October 10, 2018

Medtech Reporting Would Change Under New Opioid Law
Mass Device Medical Network, October 10, 2018

N.J. Leaders Take Action in Washington on Opioid Epidemic
Press of Atlantic City (Pleasantville, N.J.), October 8, 2018

Recovering Addicts Sue Rehab Boss for Unpaid Labor
Modern Healthcare, October 8, 2018

U.S. Representative Frank Pallone Calls Attention to Legislation Targeting Opioid Epidemic
NJBiz.com, October 5, 2018

Senate Passes Opioid Legislation with Overwhelming Bipartisan Support—Includes Open Payment Reporting for NPs and PAs Starting in 2022
Policy & Medicine, October 4, 2018

Opioid Crisis: Native Nations Strike Back Aginst Opioid Use, Misuse
Indian Country Today, October 4, 2018

Blue Cross of Mass. Giving Opioid Overdose Reversal Kits to Employers
Modern Healthcare, October 4, 2018

AANA Applauds Congress for Passage of Comprehensive Opioid Package
American Association of Nurse Anesthetists, October 3, 2018

Prevalence of Preoperative Opioid Use and Characteristics Associated with Opioid Use Among Patients Presenting for Surgery
JAMA Surgery, October 2018

House Passes Opioids Legislation
Modern Healthcare, September 28, 2018

Congress Keeps IMD Provision in Final Opioids Package
Modern Healthcare, September 24, 2018

Sen. Capito: States and Congress Need to Battle Opioids Together
Modern Healthcare, September 22, 2018

How EHRs Can Help ASCs and Anesthesia Providers Safely Prescribe Opioids - Six Takeaways
Becker's ASC Review, August 21, 2018

Feds Propose Lowering Opioid Production Quotas by 10 Percent in 2019
Modern Healthcare, August 17, 2018

Bleak New Estimates in Drug Epidemic: A Record 72,000 Overdose Deaths in 2017
The New York Times, August 15, 2018

Variety of Factors Drive Wide Variation in Opioid Treatment Across the U.S.
Modern Healthcare, August 11, 2018

Facebook Restricts Addiction-Treatment Center Advertising
Modern Healthcare, August 9, 2018

Number of Pregnant Women Abusing Opioids Skyrockets
RollCall, August 9, 2018

Doctors Nudged by Overdose Letter Prescribe Fewer Opioids
Modern Healthcare, August 9, 2018

HSHS Medical Group Takes Steps to Address Opioid Epidemic
O'Fallon Weekly, August 7, 2018

Patient-Provider Communication, Education Key for Opioid Prescribing
Patient EngagementHIT, August 3, 2018

Bipartisan Leaders of House Panel Press Drug Companies on Opioid Crisis
The Hill, August 3, 2018

Insurers Should Care About the Opioid Crisis
New Hampshire Business Review, August 3, 2018

The Economics of the Opioid Crisis Show Why It’s a Difficult Problem to Solve
American Enterprise Institute, August 2, 2018

A Massive Shortage of Pain Meds is Affecting Seattle Hospitals
KUOW News and Information, August 1, 2018

America’s Doctors Can Beat the Opioid Epidemic. Here’s How to Get Them on Board
Vox, July 31, 2018

The Government’s Solution to the Opioid Crisis Feels Like a War to Pain Patients
Huffington Post/Health, July 31, 2018

National Academy of Medicine Convenes Opioid Crisis Coalition
Modern Healthcare, July 31, 2018

Congressmen Dig into Opioid Epidemic at Simi Valley Roundtable
Ventura County Star, July 30, 2018

NYS Association of Nurse Anesthetists Focused on Opioid-Free Anesthesia
WatertownDailyTimes.com, July 30, 2018

DEA Revises Opioid-Quota Rules, Leaving Out Requested Change
Medscape, July 13, 2018

FDA Aims to Alleviate Drug Shortages with New Task Force
Market Watch, July 13, 2018

FDA to More Aggressively Tackle Disruptive Drug Shortages
Modern Healthcare, July 12, 2018

'Black Hawk Down' Veteran Now Deployed in Fight Against Opioids
Fox News, July 2, 2018

MetroHealth Cuts Opioid Prescribing by 3 Million Pills
Modern Healthcare, June 29, 2018

Commentary
The Battle Against Opioid Addiction Will Be Won in Communities, Not in Washington
Modern Healthcare, June 29, 2018

The U.S. Likely Failed to Record 70,000 Opioid Deaths, Study Says
Mic, June 27, 2018

Congress Working Overtime to Fight U.S. Opiate Epidemic
The Vindicator (Youngstown, Ohio), June 27, 2018

Senate Appropriators Boost Funds for Rural Telehealth, Opioid Epidemic
Modern Healthcare, June 26, 2018

Kids Overdosing on Meds Meant to Fight Opioid Addiction
CBS News, June 25, 2018

The Common Drug That May Make Opioid Overdose Five Times as Likely
Forbes, June 25, 2018

Opioid Epidemic's Biggest Culprit Isn't Heroin Anymore — It's Something Deadlier
PopSugar, June 25, 2018

Pain Relief at a Lower Opioid Dose
MedicalXpress, June 25, 2018

House Passes Massive Opioid Bill to Increase Treatment Access
Modern Healthcare, June 22, 2018

Insurance Plans' Opioid Policies 'Not Well-Developed to Limt Their Overuse'
Modern Healthcare, June 22, 2018

Nurses on Front Lines of War Against Opioid Addiction
Ellsworth American (Ellsworth, Maine), June 21, 2018

Doctors Changing Paths to Help Opioid Crisis
KWTX (Waco, Texas), June 16, 2018

Countering the Role of Opioids in the Veterans' Mental Health Crisis
Booneville Democrat (Booneville, Arkansas), June 15, 2018

States' Opioid-Fighting Efforts Getting Nearly $1 Billion from HHS
Modern Healthcare, June 15, 2018

Tracking Opioid Use Among Those with HIV: A Potential Cause for Concern—Public Health Watch
Contagion Live, June 13, 2018

AAFP, Other Groups Issue Joint Principles on Opioid Crisis
AAFP, June 13, 2018

Researchers Explore How Postoperative Patients Can be Protected from Opioid Addiction
News-Medical.net, June 13, 2018

NIH Plans to Use $500M for Opioid Addiction Treatment, Pain Management Strategies
Specialty Pharmacy Times, June 13, 2018

Researchers Say They're On the Verge of Creating a Revolutionary, Non-Addictive Painkiller
CBS News, June 12, 2018

Practitioners Adhere to Opioid RX Law
Montrose Press, June 12, 2018

Task Force Releases Recommendations to End Opioid Crisis
WTOL (Toledo, Ohio), June 12, 2018

Superbug Infections Rising Among Injection Drug Users
Modern Healthcare, June 7, 2018

Pennsylvania Approves Medical Marijuana to Treat Opioid Addiction
Marijuana.com, Updated June 6, 2018

Guest Commentary: Treating Addiction as an Acute Disease is Killing Thousands
Modern Healthcare, June 6, 2018

White House Launches Opioid Education Campaign that Targets Young People Using Shock Value
WBIR 10 News (Knoxville, Tennessee), June 6, 2018

Opioid Rx Rates Surprisingly High Following C-Sections
Anesthesiology News, June 5, 2018

Lourdes Surgeon Presents "Opioid-Sparing" Procedure to Healthcare Council
The Intelligencer (Doylestown, Pennsylvania), June 2, 2018

Evidence Shows Docs are Cutting Opioid Prescriptions: AMA
Modern Healthcare, May 31, 2018

Watchdog: VA Cuts Opioid Prescription Rate by 41 Percent in Past 5 Years
Stars & Stripes, May 29, 2018

Public Perception is Tough to Overcome in Battle Against Opioid Addiction
Modern Healthcare, May 26, 2018

Chinese Fentanyl is a Big, Deadly Business
Axios, May 23, 2018

Behavioral Health Counseling Program Aims to Combat Opioid Crisis
The Fix, May 23, 2018

150 Years Into the Opioid Epidemic, Many Are Resorting to Ibogaine Treatment
The Jerusalem Post, May 22, 2018

Blaming Fentanyl for the Nation's Opiate Crisis
Psychology Today, May 22, 2018

This Company Needs Workers So Badly It's Putting Them Through Drug Rehab
CNN Money, May 22, 2018

Opinion
America's 150 Year Opioid Epidemic
New York Times, May 19, 2018

Opioid Crisis: What People Don't Know About Heroin
Rolling Stone, May 18, 2018

Congressional Bill Would Add 1,000 Doctors to Fight Opioid Addiction
Forbes, May 17, 2018

Doctors Need the Whole Picture on Opioid Addiction
The Hill, May 17, 2018

Opioid Crisis Makes More Organs Available
NBC News, May 16, 2018

Opioid Crisis Costs Indiana $11 Million Daily, Study Shows
WTHR (Indianapolis), May 16, 2018

Six States Sue Maker of OxyContin as They Battle Expenses, Human Costs of Opioid Crisis
USA Today, May 16, 2018

Did Drug Company Payments to Doctors Help Fuel the Opioid Epidemic?
Los Angeles Times, May 14, 2018

Senate Finds Telemedicine is Crucial to Opioid Epidemic Fight
Healthcare IT News, April 26, 2018

Opioid Crisis Cost Washington State $9 Billion in 2016
Governing, April 26, 2018

U.S. Attorney Takes Aim at Crime, Opioid Crisis
Daily Advance, April 26, 2018

Google is Promoting the DEA's 'Take Back Day' on Its Homepage to Help Combat the Opioid Crisis
Washington Post, April 25, 2018

Editorial
Apply Lessons from AIDS Epidemic to Opioid Crisis
Daily Hampshire Gazette, April 25, 2018

Sen. McConnell's Bill Takes Aim at Ravages of Opioid Epidemic on the Workforce
Courier Journal, April 24, 2018

Senate Panel Advances Opioid Response Bill, But Democrats Say More is Needed
Modern Healthcare, April 24, 2018

Connelly: Opioid Crisis Cost Washington More Than $9 Billion—Report
Seattle Post-Intelligencer, April 23, 2018

Editorial: A Strategy for Combating Opioid Addiction
Modern Healthcare, April 21, 2018

Opinion
An Opioid Crisis Foretold
New York Times, April 21, 2018

Here is How to Head Off the Opioid Problem at the Source
The Tennessean, April 11, 2018

Study: Despite Decline in Prescriptions, Opioid Deaths Skyrocketing Due to Heroin and Synthetic Drugs
Washington Post, April 10, 2018

Surgeon General Supports Needle Exchanges to Limit Disease From Opioid Crisis
West Virginia Public Broadcasting, April 10, 2018

Drug Distributor Sued in Opioid Crisis to Donate 80,000 Doses of Overdose Antidote
WCPO (Cincinnati), April 10, 2018

Week Ahead: Congress Nears Finish Line on Opioid Legislation
Modern Healthcare, April 7, 2018

Warren Unveils Opioid Legislation as Congress Prepares Its Package
Modern Healthcare, April 6, 2018

Federal Moves to Help Opioid Crisis Not Enough, Experts Say
NBC News, April 5, 2018

Two New Studies Show How Marijuana Can Help Fight the Opioid Epidemic
The Washington Post, April 2, 2018

Marijuana Legalization Could Help Offset Opioid Epidemic, Studies Find
CNN, April 2, 2018

The Health 202: Opioid Company Blames Government for Native American Crisis
The Washington Post, April 2, 2018

Unique 'Emergency Room' for Addicts to Open in Baltimore
Modern Healthcare, March 30, 2018

Postop Anesthetic Eye Drops Reduce Need for Opioid Pain Relief
American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, March 27, 2018

Hospitals Nationwide Now Dealing with Opioid Shortage
WMBF News, March 26, 2018

U.S. Opioid ODs Cluster in Centers of Poverty
HealthDay, March 26, 2018

Opioid Crisis Gripping More Addicts Before Adulthood
KPBS (San Diego), March 26, 2018

Research Shows Cannabis May Curb Alcohol and Cocaine Addictions
Complex, March 25, 2018

Congress to Put Record Funding into Opioid Drug Crisis
ABC 12, March 25, 2018

Sen. Tom Cotton Backs Stricter Penalties for Fentanyl, Calling it a 'Weapon of Mass Destruction'
The Daily Signal, March 25, 2018

HIV/AIDS Taught Us How to Beat the Opioid Epidemic
Salon, March 25, 2018

New Treatment Program for Pregnant Women Addicted to Opioids
CantonRep.com, March 25, 2018

Editorial: Opioids Pose New Danger, Require New Strategy to Combat
The Daily News (Memphis), March 24, 2018

Opioid Abuse/Dependence in Those Hospitalized Due to Periapical Abscess
International and American Associations for Dental Research, March 23, 2018

Letters
Hospitals, Gov't Address Opioids
Written by Linda Welch, DNP, CRNA
Clinton Herald (Clinton, Iowa), March 16, 2018

House Committee to Consider Slew of Bills to Counter Opioid Crisis
Washington Examiner, March 14, 2018

New Jersey Hospital Association Advocates for Opioid Crisis Solutions in D.C.
NJHA, March 14, 2018

Opioid Overprescribing Is Not a Myth
Politico, March 13, 2018

Michigan Falls Short in Frontline Treatment for Opioid Crisis
Bridge Magazine, March 13, 2018

Nashville Mom Pushes for New Bottle Cap to Decelerate the Opioid Crisis
WKRN.com, March 13, 2018

Protesters at Metropolitan Museum Chant "Shame on Sackler," Targeting Donors Who Profited from Opioid Crisis
Hyperallergic Newsletter, March 12, 2018

Overshadowed by the Opioid Crisis: A Comeback by Cocaine
New York Times, March 5, 2018

It's a Myth America Consumes 80% of World's Opioids
Pain News Network March 8, 2018

NQF Creates Opioid Stewardship Guidebook for Providers
Modern Healthcare, March 8, 2018

Jury's In: Opioids are Not Better Than Other Medicines for Chronic Pain
NBC News

Opioid Overdose ER Cases Rise 30 Percent, According to CDC
Modern Healthcare, March 6, 2018

Villages Hospital Works Around Opioid Shortage
The Villages Daily Sun, March 6, 2018

Legislation Aims to Fight Opioid Crisis
The Observer, March 5, 2018

Some of Those Hit Hardest By The Opioid Epidemic Are Not Rural, White Americans
Washington Post, March 2, 2018

States Seek More Federal Funding for Opioid Treatment, Not More Promises
NPR, March 1, 2018

Multimodal Approach to Pain Management Reduces Opioids, Prescriptions After Joint Replacement
Infosurhoy, March 1, 2018

Fighting the Opioid Crisis: Update on Pennsylvania's Opioid Emergency Declaration
WETM-TV (Elmira, N.Y.), February 28, 2018

Opinion: Lawsuits Are Not A Solution to the Opioid Crisis
Newsday, February 28, 2018

Opioid Crisis: Justice Department to Back Local Lawsuits Against Manufacturers
The Guardian, February 27, 2018

Amidst Opioid Crisis, A Search for Alternatives
OPB/NPR, February 27, 2018

A New Bipartisan Bill Tackling the Opioid Crisis Still Falls Short of What's Actually Needed
ThinkProgress, February 27, 2018

Opioid-Free Anesthesia: The Future of Pain Management
Mayo Clinic Health System, February 26, 2018

NYC: Opioid Crisis Has Cost City $500 Million
Wall Street Journal, February 26, 2018

Bill to Combat Opioid Crisis Clears Iowa House
Des Moines Register, February 26, 2018

Gaps in Providers' Ability to Prescribe Buprenorphine Hinder Opioid Treatment Efforts
Modern Healthcare, February 23, 2018

Senate Reaches Spending Deal That Includes Opioid Funding, CHIP Extension
Modern Healthcare, February 7, 2018

AHIP Analysis Reveals Trouble Spots in Opioid Prescribing
Modern Healthcare, February 7, 2018

Stone: Together We Can Fight Opioid Problem
Odessa America Online (Odessa, Texas), February 5, 2018

Breathing Problems Linked to Drug That Treats Opioid Addiction
Science Daily, February 1, 2018

Can This Silicon Valley Startup Bioengineer a Less Addictive Opioid?
Fast Company, February 1, 2018

Trump Calls Opioid Crisis a Priority. So Where's the Funding?
Modern Healthcare, February 1, 2018

Local CRNAs at Forefront of Opioid-Free Movement
Mitchell News-Journal (Spruce Pine, N.C.), January 31, 2018

Gov. Haslam Appoints New Commission on Pain and Addiction Medicine Education
Local 8 Now (Knoxville, Tenn.), January 24, 2018

Arizona Plan to Combat Opioids Would Limit Dosages, Amounts
Modern Healthcare, January 19, 2018

Stefanik Jumps Into Heroin Task Force
Adirondack Daily Enterprise, January 19, 2018

As the Opioid Crisis Grows, States are Opening Medicaid to Alternative Medicine
Stat, January 17, 2018

Walmart Takes on Opioid Crisis, Offering Free Solution to Safely Dispose of Unused Meds
USA Today, January 17, 2018

Health: Acupuncture in the Opioid Crisis Era
Columbus Monthly, January 16, 2018

Lawmakers Look at Ways to Combat Opioid Crisis
News Press New, January 16, 2018

Health Care Providers Unite for Opioid Event
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 15, 2018

Hospitals Turn to Collaborative Agreements to Battle Addiction Crisis
Modern Healthcare, January 13, 2018

FDA Names Opioids, Drug Competition as Top 2018 Policy Goals
Modern Healthcare, January 12, 2018

VA Becomes First Hospital System to Release Opioid Prescribing Rates
Newton County Times (Jasper, Ark.), January 11, 2018

VA Secretary David Shulkin: We've Reduced Opioid Use by 36 Percent Since 2010
Fox Business, January 10, 2018

Tragedy Impetus for Perioperative Anesthetic Program for Recovering Addicts
Anesthesiology News, January 8, 2018

More Access for Doctors Could Ease Opioid Crisis
Tahlequah Daily Press, January 5, 2018

Hc1 Uses Artificial Intelligence to Uncover Opioid Crisis Insights
Xconomy.com, January 4, 2018

State Lawmakers Take Aim at Opioid Crisis
Good4Utah, January 4, 2018

Grant to Help Opioid Crisis in Rural Counties
Fox 11 News (WLUK), January 4, 2018

Addiction Experts Give Their Thoughts on the Opioid Crisis
The Bulletin (Oregon), January 4, 2018

Nevada Wants Its Next Execution to be Done with an Opioid
QZ.com, December 12, 2017

Blue Cross to Limit Opioid Scripts to 30-day Supply
Modern Healthcare, December 11, 2017

Veterans More Likely to Die From Opioids Than Civilians
High Times, December 5, 2017

Opioid Crisis: Criminal Justice Referrals Miss Treatment Opportunities, Study Suggests
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, December 4, 2017

Surgery-Related Opioid Doses Could Drop Dramatically, Without Affecting Patients' Pain Control, Study Suggests
University of Michigan, December 4, 2017

Mortality from Opioid Addiction Quadruples
Modern Healthcare, December 4, 2017

U.S. Approves Monthly Injection for Opioid Addiction
Modern Healthcare, December 1, 2017

FDA Approves First Once-Monthly Buprenorphine Injection, a Medication-Assisted Treatment Option for Opioid Use Disorder
FDA, November 30, 2017

Range of Opioid Prescribers Plays Important Role in Epidemic, Study Finds
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, November 27, 2017

Also: VA Can Share Dependents' Opioid Use
The Journal Gazette (Ft. Wayne, Ind.), November 23, 2017

Alternative Pain Therapies Could Help Quell Opioid Crisis, But Barriers Remain
U.S. News & World Report, November 21, 2017

Economic Burden of Opioid Epidemic Hit $95 Billion in 2016
Modern Healthcare, November 16, 2017

The Death of Pain Management
Pain News Network, November 16, 2017

FDA Clears Nerve Stimulator to Aid Recovery from Opioids
Modern Healthcare, November 15, 2017

Opioid Abuse Crisis Takes Heavy Toll on U.S. Veterans
U.S. News & World Report, November 10, 2017

Resource

Stem the Tide: Addressing the Opioid Epidemic (Toolkit)
American Hospital Association, November 6, 2017

Dad Testifies to Commission on Combating Drug Addiction
Eagle-Tribune (Mass.), November 5, 2017

How Hospitals Can Fight the Opioid Crisis
Medscape, November 2, 2017

Major Health Provider Sees Big Opioid Prescription Decline
Modern Healthcare, November 1, 2017

Taking Opioids Out of Anesthesia Decreases Post-Surgery Nausea
National Pain Report, November 1, 2017

Anesthesia Providers Turning to Non-Opioid Alternatives
ABC6 (Knoxville, Tenn.), October 31, 2017

To Fight the Opioid Crisis, These Doctors Cut Back on Opioids
NBC News, October 30, 2017

Study Finds Providers Lack Resources to Stem Opioid Crisis
Modern Healthcare, October 30, 2017

Opioid-free Anesthesia Reduces Postoperative Nausea, Study Finds
American Pharmacist Association, October 27, 2017

Five Fast Facts on the U.S. Opioid Addiction Crisis
U.S. News & World Report, October 26, 2017

Spine Osteoarthritis Patients and Those Under 65 More Likely to Use Opioids to Manage Pain
American College of Rheumatology, October 26, 2017

Opioids and Antidepressants Linked to Higher Fracture Risk in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
American College of Rheumatology, October 26, 2017

Opioid-Free Anesthesia Tolerated in Outpatient Surgery
Renal & Urology News, October 25, 2017

The Lawyer Who Beat Big Tobacco Takes on the Opioid Industry
Bloomberg Businessweek, October 5, 2017

Why One Pain Specialist Hasn’t Prescribed an Opioid in 10 Years
Michigan Health Lab, March 13, 2017