Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD, as defined by the National Institute of Health, is an anxiety disorder that can be experienced after seeing or living through a dangerous or traumatic event. It is important to your health to recognize symptoms of PTSD and know resources for seeking help (see below).   

Veterans and PTSD

Military personnel because of the nature of their work and exposure to war, disaster, and trauma are especially vulnerable to PTSD. 

have-you-ever-served131.jpgThe U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for PTSD is the nation’s leading provider of care for PTSD with nearly 500,000 veterans currently in treatment. VA has many entry points to care through the use of veterans readjustment counseling centers, the Veterans Crisis Line (1-800-273-8255, press 1), and integration of mental health services in the primary care setting. Since 2007, VA has seen a 35 percent increase in the number of veterans receiving mental health services, and a 41 percent increase in mental health staff.

Online at, the VA raises awareness of PTSD and provides resources to individuals, families, and communities designed to help those who may be at risk.  These include: 



PTSD can occur in both personal and professional situations for a variety of events. Nurse anesthetists and student nurse anesthetists, like other health care professionals, face workplace situations that can trigger PTSD; military nurse anesthetists in service to our country can have an increased likelihood. Other CRNA workplace events that have the potential to cause trauma: 

See for coping with an 
adverse event/perioperative catastrophe 



Links to online PTSD information:

Also on In Service to Our Country, Wellness in the Workplace, and Emotional and Mental Well-Being

 Where to get help


VA Info on PTSD Help

At work - do you have an Employee Assistance Program (EAP) with resources?

Feeling emotional trauma following an adverse event?

Additional support options -


 PTSD Symptoms

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) lists the common symptoms: 

The emotional and physical symptoms of PTSD fall within these three categories:

  1. Re-experiencing symptoms
  2. Avoidance symptoms
  3. Hyperarousal symptoms

See also the NIMH checklist to help discuss Trauma and PTSD with your doctor


 Resilience can help reduce the response to stressful experiences


In the Wellness Milestones article, Balance and Bounce, author Sandra Tunajek, CRNA, DNP reports that researchers from the National Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) developed a rating of Responses to Stressful Experiences Scale (RSES) to identify six key factors to psychological resistance that: 1) positive outlook, 2) spirituality, 3) active coping, 4) self-confidence, 5) learning and making meaning, and 6) acceptance of limits.  ​