CRNA Profiles: Agatha Hodgins


 
 
Agatha Hodgins was born in Toronto, Canada in 1877. She graduated from the Boston City Hospital Training School for Nurses in 1900 and went to work at Lakeside Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio. In 1908, surgeon George Crile asked her to be his anesthetist. Hodgins soon began to instruct nurses in the administration of anesthesia. In 1914, she served with Crile and others from Lakeside Hospital in France during World War I and taught many how to administer nitrous oxide-oxygen anesthesia. Hodgins formalized the Lakeside Hospital School of Anesthesia in 1915 after her return from France, and served as director from 1915 to 1933.
 
On June 17, 1931, she gathered together a group of Lakeside Hospital School of Anesthesia alumnae and held the organizational meeting of the National Association of Nurse Anesthetists (renamed the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists in 1939) at Lakeside Hospital. She was elected the first president of AANA (1931-1933) and was named Honorary President in 1933. She served as a Trustee from 1933 to 1945.
 
Hodgins retired in 1933 after suffering a heart attack, yet remained involved in association activities. Hodgins died March 24, 1945, in Chatham, Mass.
 
 

 Sources for Additional Information on Hodgins

 
Bankert M. Watchful Care: A History of America's Nurse Anesthetists. New York: Continuum;1989.
Available for purchase from the AANA Bookstore.
 
Gaffey V. Agatha Cobourg Hodgins: she only counted shining hours. AANA Journal. 2007;75(2): 97-100.
 
In memoriam: Agatha C. Hodgins. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. 1945;13(2):6.
 
 
Moore CR, Lamb H, Allwein A. Agatha Cobourg Hodgins. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. 1946;14(2):32-35.
 
 
Some specialists: Agatha C. Hodgins. American Journal of Nursing. 1930;30(9):1163-1164.
 
Thatcher V. History of Anesthesia with Emphasis on the Nurse Specialist. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott;1953.
See chapters 5-7 and 12-13.
 
 

 Hodgins' Bibliography

 
Hodgins AC. Anesthesia screen. American Journal of Nursing. 1911;11(4):256.
 
Hodgins AC. The technique of administering nitrous oxid-oxygen anesthesia. In: Crile GW, Lower WE. Anoci-Association. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1914:226-239.
 
Hodgins AC. The work of the nurse anesthetist. Canadian Nurse. 1918;14:1149-1153.
 
Hodgins AC. Nitrous oxide-oxygen anaesthesia. In: Burghard FF, Kanavel AB, eds. Oxford Loose-Leaf Surgery. Vol 1. New York: Oxford University Press; 1920:75-96.
 
Hodgins AC. The administration of nitrous oxid-oxygen analgesia for operations on the thyroid gland. In: Rowland AF, ed. The Thyroid Gland: Clinics of George W. Crile and Associates. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1922:213-221.
 
Hodgins AC. The art of anesthesia [book review]. American Journal of Nursing. 1923;23(10):907-909.
 
Hodgins AC. The nurse anesthetist. American Journal of Nursing. 1930;30(7):859-864.
 
Hodgins AC. President’s address. First Annual Meeting of the National Association of Nurse Anesthetists. 1933:10-13.
 
Hodgins AC. Evaluation of anesthetic drugs and methods. Bulletin of the National Association of Nurse Anesthetists. 1935 August;3(3):6-18.
 
Hodgins AC. Address of welcome. Bulletin of the National Association of Nurse Anesthetists. 1936;4(4):181-182.
 
Hodgins AC. Editorial. Bulletin of the National Association of Nurse Anesthetists. 1938;6(2):53-54.
 
Barlow OW, Fife GL, Hodgins AC. Clinical Use of Pentobarbital Sodium as a Preanesthetic Agent. Archives of Surgery. 1934;29(4):527-545. [link is to the article's abstract]
 
Barlow OW, Fife GL, Hodgins AC. Avertin in Preanesthetic Medication: A Survey of 1,831 Surgical Anesthesias. Archives of Surgery. 1934;29(5):810-827. [link is to the article's abstract]
 
Hodgins AC. Introducing the department of education. Bulletin of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. 1940;8(2):102-105.
 
Hodgins AC. Permanent values in organization. Bulletin of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. 1941;9(2):106-108.
 
Hodgins AC. Educational objectives of the AANA. Bulletin of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. 1941;9(3):163-173.
 
Hodgins AC. Editorial. Bulletin of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. 1945;13(1):32-33.