Earthquake Resources

​An earthquake can be caused by the sudden shifting of rock plates beneath the earth’s surface or from the pressure of rising magma in volcanic areas. They usually occur along fault lines (where the rock plates that form the earth’s crust meet), or in volcanic areas. The shaking may be very slight, or it may be quite violent. Loud rumblings often accompany earthquakes, along with significant structural damage, power outages, explosions, or fires.
 
Intraplate quakes occur far from plate edges and happen when stress builds up and the Earth's crust is stretched or squeezed together until it rips. There are several different types of faults. These faults can stretch in length from a few inches to many hundreds of miles long. They can be horizontal, vertical, or at an angle.
 
Earthquake waves are measured on sensitive instruments called seismographs. The Richter scale assigns quakes a number based on the power of its seismic waves. Thousands of quakes occur every day around the globe, most of them too weak to be felt. Every year about 10,000 people, on average, die as a result of earthquakes.
 
 

 Earthquake Preparedness

 
Are You Prepared?
http://72hours.org/
Take the Quake Quiz, and what to do if you are caught in an earthquake. Find out what you would need to make sure you are ready for a disaster of earthquake proportions.
 
American Red Cross
http://www.redcross.org/prepare/disaster/earthquake
Includes information on how to prepare for an earthquake, how to respond during an earthquake, and how to recover after an earthquake. An earthquake checklist is also included.
Earthquake app
 
Earthquake Country Alliance
http://www.earthquakecountry.info/
Although most of this information is directed toward California, emergency preparedness information is good for any region. The site is being expanded to include other states.
 
Earthquake Facts and Preparedness: San Diego County
http://www.co.san-diego.ca.us/oes/disaster_preparedness/oes_jl_earthquakes.html
Since 1984, earthquake activity in San Diego County has doubled over that of the preceding 50 years. This site features earthquake preparedness brochures and reports.
 
Earthquake Hazards Program
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/prepare/
Handbooks for earthquake-prone regions, tips from Federal Emergency Management Agency, earthquake drills and more are available here.
 
Earthquake Preparedness - Anchorage, Alaska
http://www.muni.org/Departments/OEM/Prepared/Pages/EarthquakePrep.aspx
Alaska experiences over 20,000 earthquakes per year (Source: Alaska Earthquake Information Center). Find out what you can do to stay safe during and after the next earthquake.
 
Earthquake Preparedness Guide
http://www.disastercenter.com/guide/earth.html
The Disaster Center has assembled basic earthquake information and resources to inform and prepare in the event of an earthquake, including tips, how to protect your property, and media and communication ideas.
 
Earthquake Preparedness - Idaho
http://www.accem.org/earthquakeprep.html
Idaho is ranked fifth in the nation for earthquake risk, after California, Alaska, Nevada, and Utah. A roundup of resources is available. 
 
Earthquake Preparedness - Be Ready Utah
http://beready.utah.gov/beready/earthquakePreparedness.html
Utah has experienced damaging earthquakes in the past and geologic evidence indicates that earthquakes larger than any experienced locally in historical time are likely in the future. A Utah Earthquake Preparedness Guide is available.
 
Earthquake Preparedness - Yuma County, Ariz.
http://www.co.yuma.az.us/index.aspx?page=844
Yuma County borders on two very seismically active areas: Southern California and Baja, Calif. Major quakes in those areas can also affect the Yuma Area, most recently a 7.2 quake in Baja, Calif., on April 4, 2010. An emergency plan and downloadable checklists are provided.
 
Earthquake Preparedness Program - Indiana
http://www.in.gov/dhs/2792.htm
Tips for before, during and after an earthquake are provided, as well as fact sheets, tips and more.
 
Earthquake Tips from Los Angeles Fire Department
http://lafd.org/eqbook.pdf 
This handy booklet includes tips for during and after an earthquake from the Los Angeles Fire Department, as well as how to prepare for an earthquake.
 
Earthquakes: Emergency Preparedness
http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/earthquakes/
Tips and resources are available for before, during and after an earthquake, including resources for people with special needs, and information for clinicians.
 
Earthquakes in Washington (state)
http://www.emd.wa.gov/hazards/haz_earthquakes.shtml
The Washington Military Department Emergency Management Division provides information and resources for earthquake preparedness, including historical earthquake information and brochures on hazards and risks.
 
The Great California Shakeout Drill
http://www.calema.ca.gov/PlanningandPreparedness/Pages/Earthquake-Preparedness.aspx
The Great California Shakeout Drill is an annual drill that partners statewide agencies with companies and individuals interested in developing their own earthquake preparedness strategy and enable them to learn how to prepare for, survive and recover from an earthquake. Tip sheets are also available for download.
 
Illinois Earthquake Information
http://www.state.il.us/iema/disaster/earthquake.htm
The state of Illinois, which is affected by the New Madrid seismic zone and the Wabash Valley seismic zone, has rounded up important earthquake resources, including FAQs, an emergency supply checklist and local business, government and school planning guides.
 
Missouri Earthquake Preparedness
http://sema.dps.mo.gov/earthquake_preparedness/
Between Dec. 16, 1811 to Feb. 7, 1812, Missouri was rocked by at least three of the largest earthquakes ever to hit the continental United States. See recent earthquake activity of a 1.0 or greater magnitude, and learn about the New Madrid seismic zone, which reaches from Missouri into several other nearby states.
 
Preparedness - Nevada
http://www.seismo.unr.edu/Preparedness/
Over the last 150 years, Nevada has ranked third in the country in the number of large earthquakes. Preparation guides are provided.
 
State of California Earthquake Preparedness Checklist
http://www.dss.cahwnet.gov/Forms/English/LIC9148.PDF
This handy checklist includes eliminating protential hazards, establishing a coordinated response plan, and more.